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Effects of CALSPORIN® on Turkey Performance,Carcass Yield and Nitrogen Reduction

E. C. Blair,H. M. Allen,S. E. Brooks, J. D. Firman, D. H. Robbins, Koichi Nishimura and Hajime Ishimaru
University of Missouri-Columbia,116 Animal Sciences Department,Columbia,Missouri 65211, USA
Quality Technology lnternational, Inc, 11922 Oak Creek Parkway, Huntley, IL6014, USA

Abstract

CALSPORIN® a probiotic that contains a strain of Bacillus subtilus in a spore form, has been used to increase performance of several species. An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of CALSPORIN® addition on gain, feed conversion, nitrogen excretion, and salmonella spp.count from the intestinal tract compared to a commercial antibiotic(Bacitracin-Zinc)in male turkeys to market age. Six hundred Hybrid large white tom poults were purchased from a commercial hatchery at day of hatch and randomly allotted into 24 pens, blocked by treatment. Treatments consisted of CALSPORIN® added at 30 grams per ton of the diet, Bacitracin-Zinc at 50 grams per ton or no additive. Birds were housed in an industry Standard curtain-sided barn on used pine shavings. Standard corn, soybean meal, animal by-product diets were used for all treatments with nutrient levels based on the 1994 NRC requirements for turkeys. Individual bird weights and pen feed consumption were collected at 21, 42, 63, 84, 105, 126 days. Daily mortality was collected and feed:gain was adjusted to account for mortality. Litter samples were taken from ten random pens at day 63. At 126 days of age three toms per pen were selected based on average pen weight and processed the following day to determine carcass and parts yield. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance(ANOVA) with a randomized block design using the general linear model. By week 12 the treatments that contained either CALSPORIN® or Bacitracin-Zinc had a significantly(P<0.05)improved gain compared to the treatment without either of the products. For the 0 to15 and 0 to18 week phases the birds without additives gained significantly(P<0.05) less weight compared to all other treatments. No difrerences in feed efficiency, yield or mortality were observed. Litter samples indicated a reduction in ammonia volitization in CALSPORIN® fed birds. These data would indicate that CALSPORIN® may be used successfully as an antibiotic replacement in market turkeys.

Key Words:Turkeys,probiotics, lactobacillus, antibiotics use
International Journal of Poultry Science 3(1):75-79.2004
Asian Network for Scientific Information 2004